The Eighteenth Annual Supreme Court Review Conference

October 4, 2013

Professors Bruce Miller and Art Wolf

Western New England University School of Law

A Dialogue on Voting Rights



Principal Cases
  1. Shelby County, Alabama v. Holder, 133 S. Ct. 2612 (invalidating 5-4 the triggering formula under Section 4 of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended, that subjected certain jurisdictions to the remedial measures in the Act).

  2. South Carolina v. Katzenbach, 383 U.S. 301 (1966)(upholding the constitutionality of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, including Section 4, under Section 2 of the Fifteenth Amendment).

  3. City of Boerne v. Flores, 521 U.S. 507 (1997)(invalidating the Federal Religious Freedom Restoration Act as beyond the power of Congress under Section 5 of the Fourteenth Amendment because the Act is not congruent and proportional, in part because Congress lacked sufficient evidence to support the statute).

  4. U. S. Railroad Retirement Board v. Fritz, 449 U.S. 166 (1980) (upholding cuts to federal railroad retirement program against equal protection challenge even though they were unsupported by findings or stated rationale, because such cuts were within the exclusive policy-making domain of Congress).
Fifteenth Amendment

Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


Sponsored by the Law School's Institute for Legislative and Governmental Affairs


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